BODY

To  identify the alternative methods of obtaining economic income, of avoiding the destruction of the national park Yasuni. The governments at present look for the way easiest to obtain money from the petroleum development in this case the yasuni one of the second bigger reservations of the country, one of the last moorlands of biodiversity of the world.

In what we must focus it is measurements that we must take so that yasuni is a free development area due to, that there is provided with an exuberant vegetation, the only sceneries, where they live the most varied and the only representative of the flora and fauna, as well as indigenous groups that want to preserve its culture, millennial tradition.

Yasuni additionally have more biodiverse areas of the Earth, “the studies speak about 150 amphibians species, 121 of reptiles, 598 birds species, between 169 (confirmed ones) and 204 (dears) of mammals, and in flora 2113 species have been identified and it is believed that they would exist about 3100 and group people indigenous as well as wao, the tagaeri and taromenane, are groups in voluntary isolation.” (Margot,2010, Finer, 2010,JENKS,2010, CISNEROS, 2010,McCraken,2010, Pickman,2010)

The alternative methods that so that the economy of the country without need for exploitation of petroleum, it seems to me that the lombricultura because it is very profitable, it would help to the economy of the country, you present yourself in individuals, especially to the conservation of the park, since it retrains and of that products are obtained for to the agriculture, it is unnaturally friendly with the nature, additionally I believe that it is a question of sustainable tourism that guarantees the harmony with the ambience and the conservation of the culture, apart from this he helps to generate income and employment.

The lombricultura is more important that is one accessible alternative for the government and people that is one activity of to breed a domestic worm (Eisenia foetida), is a work that more  many country to use, but few make for such a reason it is an advantage for the country, apart from this is it gives solution to the problems of contamination and turns the pollutant into a useful and marketable product. Besides the ecoturismos is other method  so as to the conservation yasuni which it is based a trip ambientalmente  responsible, to regions little disturbed to enjoy the natural way and the culture of the inhabitants of such a way, to promote so much the appreciation of the local natural and cultural wealths to be visited, what is more it reaches port the economic from Ecuadorian in especially the park national yasuni.

 

MICELA TAPUY

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INTRODUCTION.- Negative effects of deforestation of the forests of the Amazon

Deforestation  are among the main components of global change  and both contribute to the rapid loss of tropical forest area with important implications for ecosystem functioning and biodiversity conservation. Deforestation has been directly linked to species extinctions  loss of ecosystem services , enhanced emission of CO2 and other greenhouse gases , and changes in the structure and habitat quality of aquatic ecosystems.

The following research work is intended to give know the serious deforestation our nature, which have directly affected the human being, with the Indiscriminate cutting of existing trees on the site, which has contributed to the request of water sources, has been destroyed natural spaces that have long been the habitat of several species of animals.

For most of human history, deforestation in the Amazon was primarily the product of subsistence farmers who cut down trees to produce crops for their families and local consumption. But in the later part of the 20th century, that began to change, with an increasing proportion of deforestation driven by industrial activities and large-scale agriculture. By the 2000s more than three-quarters of forest clearing in the Amazon was for cattle-ranching.

 

The result of this shift is forests in the Amazon were cleared faster than ever before in the late 1970s through the mid 2000s. Vast areas of rainforest were felled for cattle pasture and soy farms, drowned for dams, dug up for minerals, and bulldozed for towns and colonization projects. At the same time, the proliferation of roads opened previously inaccessible forests to settlement by poor farmers, illegal logging, and land speculators.

 

BODY .-Negative effects of deforestation of the forests of the Amazon

Name : Fernando Viteri

Amazon Rainforest

The Amazon rainforest is the world’s largest intact forest. It’s home to more than 24 million people in Brazil alone, including hundreds of thousands of Indigenous Peoples belonging to 180 different groups.

There’s a reason the Amazon was the place that inspired scientists to coin the term “biodiversity.” The region is home to 10 percent of all plant and animal species known on Earth. There are approximately 40,000 species of plants and more than 400 mammals. Birds add almost 1,300, and the insects reach millions.

In addition to its unparalleled diversity of life, the Amazon plays an essential role in helping to control the entire planet’s atmospheric carbon levels. The Amazon Basin stores approximately 100 billion metric tons of carbon, more than ten times the annual global emissions from fossil fuels. While it covers 2.6 million square miles across nine countries — Brazil, Bolivia, Peru, Colombia, Ecuador, Venezuela, Guyana, Suriname, and French Guiana — about 60 percent of the Amazon Basin is in Brazil, where Greenpeace has prioritized its Amazon work.

In the last 40 years, the  Amazon lost more than 18 percent of its rainforest — an area about the size of California — to illegal logging, soy plantations, and cattle ranching. Most of the remaining forest is under threat, and with it the plants, animals, and people who depend on the forest to survive.

Around the world, stepped up to achieve policy reform, additional protected areas, and commitments from corporations that have slowed the rate of deforestation. The Tapajós River, a tributary of the Amazon, and the site of a recent battle over a megadam that threatened the lives of Indigenous peoples and the forest itself.

Why Save the Amazon?

For one, the Amazon is on the frontlines of the fight against global warming.

Currently, the Amazon is a carbon sink, meaning it stores carbon dioxide and prevents it from entering the atmosphere and fueling climate change. Deforestation, on the other hand, releases that carbon into the air, making global warming worse. Because of this, deforestation accounts for about 10 to 15 percent of global greenhouse gas emissions. Losing the Amazon means more carbon emissions and a warmer world. No matter how far from the region you live, the Amazon plays an important role in all of our lives, and we all play a role in protecting the homes of thousands of people and some of the world’s rarest wildlife.

Take Action for the Amazon

While these and other victories have slowed deforestation in the Amazon, there’s more work to be done. A slew of proposed infrastructure projects are on the table that threaten the livelihoods of Indigenous groups throughout the Amazon Basin and would destroy massive amounts of forest. while traditional forest communities across the Amazon have everything to lose.

Introduction of The Yasuni park should be a protected area free from oil explotation.

Yasuni for you, Flows the oil, bleeds the ground for the uncontrolled extraction. ( Anonymous,2015)

The Yasuni is one of the areas more biodiverse area in the world, which is provided with variety of the abundance and only flora and fauna that they need to be protected although the Yasuni is one of the areas with major petroleum reservation in south America. In this the importance or the attention takes root that the government and the world puts to the park yasuni for this reason, the natural reserve Yasuni has atched the attention from the Ecuadorian government dive to its economic interest and the whole world has also paid attention to what is happening in the park.
But in fact what we all should be interested in is to leap the oil in the found because it destroys the biodiversity, the ecosystems, the flora and fauna, and the life’s of the native people and their environmental, looking for alternatives of economic income for the country, it prevents from being exploited by petroleum or existing resources.
In the present essay I try to come to a solution to avoid the petroleum development and to look for alternative methods to generate resources for the country without damage being caused to the yasuni by means of surveys and investigating thoroughly especially the related to the yasuni without development and the benefits of earlier mentioned.

In this the importance or the attention takes root that the government and the world puts to the park yasuni

Summary: English as a Universal Language

It  is the world’s second largest native language, the official language in 70 countries, and English-speaking countries responsable for about 40 of world’s total GNP, all over the planet people know many English words, their pronunciation and meaning.

English first began to spread during the 16th century with British Empire and was strongly reinforced in 20th by USA.

English  is one of the simplest and easiest natural languages in the world. Also uses Latin alphabet  with only 26 basic letters and no diacritics, and is one of the most analytical languages, with no significant synthetic, fusional or agglutinative characteristics.

In conclusion, we talk about the universal language it is lucky for us that our universal language is the simplest and easiest one, even though that simplicity and easiness weren’t the reasons that lead English to that condition.