The vermiculture is the process of using worms to decompose organic food waste, turning the waste into a nutrient-rich material capable of supplying necessary nutrients to help sustain plant growth. This method is simple, effective, convenient, and noiseless. It saves water, energy, landfills, and helps rebuild the soil. The worms ability to convert organic waste into nutrient-rich material reduces the need for synthetic fertilizers. We violate nature’s ability to complete the life cycle process when we send food down the garbage disposal, or bury it in a landfill. We deplete the soil and deprive nature from rehabilitating itself when we bypass this natural life cycle recycling process.
“It has a high content of macro trace elements offering a balanced diet for plants. One of the main characteristics is its great content of microorganisms (beneficial bacteria and fungi) which allow to raise the biological activity of the soils. The bacterial load is about twenty billion per gram of dry matter. In its composition all the nutrients: nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium, calcium, magnesium, sodium, manganese, iron, copper, zinc, carbon, etc., in sufficient quantity to guarantee the perfect development of the plants, in addition to a high content in Organic matter, which enriches the terrain.
Compared with other organic tales of fertilizers as estimated from cattle, pigs, hens etc. It has the great advantage that a ton of humus is equivalent to 10 tons of stiffening of the endings.
It is defined as an organism that acts on the organic substances of the terrain where it is applied. It also contains good amounts of phytohormones. All the more properties of the presence of the enzymes make this product very valuable for land that has been rendered sterile by intensive farms, the use of poorly balanced chemical fertilizers and the massive use of pesticides.” (Estrella, 2010)
My question is this essay is: Why does the vermiculture help to the environment?
“The pollution of the environment is one of the problems that the man faces and that tries to solve, diverse alternatives exist one of her is the vermiculture that takes charge of the cleanliness of organic garbage of the soil using earthworms Red Californian. This skill allows these organic beings to feed on this garbage providing at the moment of digesting them and expelling its residues; organic fertilizer to fertilize the soils.” (Vega, 2012), For example:
- It improves the conditions of the soil, retains the moisture and can with facility join at the basic level of the soil, improving its texture and increasing its water retention capacity.
- Detoxifies the soils contaminated with chemicals.
- It activates the biological processes of the soil.
It recycles all kinds of organic matter and obtains like fruit of this work fundamentally two products: the humus and the meat. Making use at the same time of the same earthworm for multiple uses: in alive, for bait of fishing and on having been so rich in proteins, like food for chicks of all classes (partridge, quail, pheasant, etc. ) and in flour to mix with food for fish, so much of domestic fishbowls as fish farms.
The application of the Vermiculture in the country is of big importance since although Ecuador is petroleum also it is agricultural and we need to keep our soils preserved, what will allow us to have a better production and a better economic growth.
Also, we must point out that we can make use of the organic fertilizer exporting it to other countries that want to implement it in its cultivation generating profit to invest them in the application of new technology in the country for a better sustainable development.
The Vermiculture has every more future day, since it helps the man to recycle the remains of most of the organic matters that it produces both of animal and domestic origin, avoiding the contamination and simultaneously helping him in the systems of agricultural, forest production and of gardening, putting at its disposal a product completely ecological and recognized like ideal for the food of any class of plants and germination of seeds.